Partener 2: ”Petru Poni” Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry Iaşi
“Petru Poni” Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry (PPIMC), Iasi, Romania, was founded in 1949 as a research unit of the Romanian Academy. Initially intended as an Instituteof Chemistry, its profile was general chemistry mainly focusing on complex inorganic compounds, analytical chemistry, electrochemistry, organic chemistry – basically drugs, organic raw materials, and vegetable oils. Pioneering studies were started on vegetable proteins and cellulose from wood and later on phenoplasts and ion exchangers. Nowadays, research in the PPIMC covers many areas of basic and applied polymer science, from heterocyclic polymers to polyurethanes, polysiloxanes, phosphorous-containing flame-retardant polymers, polyelectrolytes, semiconducting and photo-responsive polymers, and so on. In all these domains, not only the fundamental/basic aspects but also the practical development of some of these polymers are investigated. Pilot plant as well as large-scale industrial technologies were elaborated for organohalogensilanes as precursors for polysiloxanes-based oils, emulsions, elastomers and resins,and for styrene–maleic anhydride polyelectrolytes as flocculants or antistatic agents. Such production units werebuilt on the existing industrial platforms. An important research effort was dedicated to the production of various electroinsulating materials, particularly lacquers based on polyimides and polyesterimides, and of composite materials based on various types of synthetic papers impregnated and modified with polymers, these technologies being also transferred to productive pilot units. Vegetable biomass valorization also yielded industrial technologies.
Based on its large thematic interests, PPIMC organized along the years various international symposia, seminars, and conferences: International Symposia on Cellulose Chemistry and Technology (13 editions); Romanian-German Bilateral Symposia on Macromolecules; Romanian-American Bilateral Seminars on Polymer Science; Bilateral Symposia between ‘‘PetruPoni’’ Institute and the Institute of Thin Film and Microsensorics Technology in Germany on Heterocyclic and Heterochain Polymers for Advanced Materials; Romanian-French Colloquia on Polymer Science (11 editions); International “Cristofor I. Simionescu” Symposia on Frontiers in Macromolecular and Supramolecular Science (10 editions); Central and Eastern European Polymer Network Workshops on Polymer Science; Biannual Symposia of PPIMC on Progress inthe Chemistry of Macromolecular Compounds; and so on.
The Institute cooperates with research/education centersfrom Europe, Asia, and North America. Most of theresearchers and PhD students of the Institute were trainedabroad or benefited of postdoctoral or short-term stagesmainly in Germany, the United States, France, Spain, Italy,Switzerland, Poland, Russia, and Japan.
The Institute is involved in many national and European research projects and competes every year for new projects to acquire new, complex instruments and to promote/to be involved in inter/multidisciplinary scientific networks in “hot areas” through national/international cooperation.
As a result of all these efforts, PPIMC is the “main Romanian actor (as research institute) on the international scientific scene” through its about 300 papers, books, book chapters published yearly in high-impact international journals/printing houses. More than 700 patents have been issued by the Institute along the years to cover the original,application-related research results.
Another mission of the Institute is to train young people at doctoral and postdoctoral levels; and eleven senior scientists and professors are accredited as PhD supervisorsin the Institute.